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1. Preambule

Each article is read and revised by the advisory/editorial committee of the journal Les Chantiers de la Création composed by professors, maîtres de conférence, doctors and PhD students of the Ecole Doctorale “Langues, Lettres et Arts” of Aix-Marseille University.

Authors should send their articles in “.doc” format and not in “.docx” format (Word 2007), in order to avoid any compatibility problem.

The editorial committee reserves the right to turn down any article which would not conform to the typographical conventions mentioned below.

2. General guidelines

2.1. Header

All articles submitted should contain the following elements in its header:

  • Title of the article

  • Author’s first name and last name (in lower case)

  • Institution and email address

  • Abstract (résumé) in French: 10 lines at the utmost in one paragraph

  • Abstract in English: 10 lines at the utmost in one paragraph

  • Key words in French: maximum of 5

  • Key words in English: maximum of 5

2.2. Format

Articles should be written in French. They should contain between 20 000 and 30 000 characters, spaces included (abstract, footnotes and final list of works cited not included). The font should be Times New Roman, font size at 12pt. The text should be justified and with a 1.5 line spacing.

Each new paragraph of a part or sub-part, from the second paragraph onwards, should start with a 1.25cm positive indent for the first line. The first paragraph should not be indented.

Page numbers should be at the footer and centred.

2.3. Use of italics

Italics should be used for book titles, words or sentences in another language than French (Best-seller, etc.), and for words authors would like to highlight.

2.4. Non-breaking spaces

Authors should make sure that non-breaking spaces are used before double punctuation signs (: ; ! ? % =); inside French quotation marks (« quote »); between the author’s first name and last name; in numbers (e.g.: 1 000 000); before en-dashes (-); between the different fields of paginated references of quotes.

2.5. Inserting illustrations

The journal refuses to publish an image without the official copyright permission. Obtaining such permission may be a long process. For the payment of those rights, please contact the editorial committee. A cost estimate will be necessary.

The images inserted in the body of the text should also be sent individually and in high quality.

3. Titles and sub-titles

3.1. Title of the article

The title of the article should be in bold lower case, centred and in font Times New Roman, font size at 12pt, 1.5 line spacing. It should not exceed 3 lines.

3.2. Titles and sub-titles

The titles of the subdivisions should be in bold lower case without indent. Subdivisions should be numbered according to the pseudo-decimal system: 1.1., 1.2., etc. Introduction and conclusion should not be included in the numbering.

A line break is expected before and after first-level titles (1., 2., etc.). Second-level titles (1.1., 1.2., etc.) should not be followed by a line break.

4. References

4.1. Textual references

Textual references, placed in the footnotes, should not be used for the in-text references (see below); they should be used to give the reference to any idea, definition or theory developed in the body of the text.

They should be in Times New Roman, size 10pt, and justified. If a work is mentioned in the footnotes, its reference should have the following format: First name Last name, Title of the work (City : Publisher, Year), number.

- example for a book: Pierre Landy, Berlin et son statut (Paris : Presses Universitaires de France, 1983), p.5.

- example for an electronic document: « Protocole de la Conférence de Yalta, 4-11 février 1945. » The Avalon Project at Yale Law School. (octobre 2007)


They should be between French quotation marks and in the body of the text if they are less than 4 lines long. Quotes more than 4 lines long should be set apart in the text, without quotation marks. They should be indented with a 1.25cm left indent, in Times New Roman, 12pt with single line spacing.

Quote references should not be mentioned in footnotes and they should include paginated references. At the end of the quote, the author’s name and the page number should be indicated in parentheses and without coma: « quote » (Artaud 130-4). The author’s name should be followed by the publication date if several works by the same author are mentioned in the list of cited works: « quote » (Artaud, 1979, 130-4). When several quotes by the same author follow one another, only the page number is indicated in parentheses: « quote » (130). If the author is already mentioned in the body of the text, they should not be mentioned again in the parentheses: As Smith observes, « quote » (10).

Paginated references should be followed by a stop only if the quote is less than 4 lines long. Otherwise, the stop should appear as a punctuation sign at the end of the quote before the paginated references.

When a series of pages is indicated, only the page numbers differing from the first number should appear after the dash (130-4).

Quotes in a foreign language should be translated in French in the body of the text. The original untranslated version should appear in the footnotes.

4.3. Bibliographic references

They should appear in alphabetical order at the end of the article, with 1 line spacing, under the title Cited works, centred and in bold lower case. There should be a line break before and after the title. The bibliographic entries should be organised in alphabetical order without distinction of types of sources (books, articles, films, electronic sources, etc.) and should not be numbered.

There should be a line break and a 1,54cm negative first-line indent for each new bibliographic entry. In the case there should be several references for the same author indicated, the second title should be indicated in the next line, without the author’s name, and preceded by two em-dashes followed by a stop (——.).

  • Book with one author: Last name, First name. Title. City : Publisher, Year.

  • Book with 2 or 3 authors: Last name1, First name1, First name2, Last name2, and First name 3, Last name 3. Title. City : Publisher, Year.

  • Book with more than 3 authors: Last nam1, First name1, et al. Title. City : Published, Year.

  • Collective work: Name of the group. Title. City : Publisher, Year.

  • Volume without a particular title: Last name, First name. Title. Vol. 3. City : Publisher, Year.

  • Volume with a title: Last name, First name. Title of the volume. City : Publisher, Vol. 3 of General title, Year.

  • Subsequent edition: Last name, First name. Title. 3ème edition. City : Publisher, Year.

  • Republished book: Last name, First name. Title. Year 1ère impression. City : Publisher, Year.

  • Translated book: Last name, First name. Title. Trans. Last name, First name. City : Publisher, Year.

  • Article in a journal: Author’s last name, First name. « Title of the article ». Title of the periodical. Issue, Year : pages.

  • Article in a magazine or a newspaper: Author’s last name, First name. « Title of the article ». Title of the periodical. Date of publication.

  • Article in a catalogue, conference proceedings, collection, etc.: Author’s last name, first name. « Title of the article or the chapter ». Title of the book. City : Publisher, Year.

  • Film: Director’s last name, First name. Title. Producer, Year.

  • Broadcast television or radio programme: Title. Channel. City, Year of broadcasting.

  • CD-Rom: Title. Date (month and year). CD-Rom. Producer.

  • Page on a website: Last name, First name. Year. Title. Last update. Publishing organisation. Date of access <URL of home page>.

  • Article or contribution on a website: Last name, First name. Last update. "Title of the article ". Title of the website. Publishing organisation. Date of access <URL of the page>.

  • Article in an online journal: Last name, First name. « Title of the article ». Title of the publication. Issue (Year). Date of access <URL of the article>.

  • Electronic version of a book or an article that also appears in print: as indicated above for the references of the print version, then references for the CD-Rom or the visited website.


“American President, an online reference resource.” Miller Center of Public Affairs, University of Virginia. 2 Février 2008 <>.

Clay, Lucius D. Decision in Germany. Garden City, New York : Doubleday, 1950.

--. Germany and the Fight for Freedom. Cambridge : Harvard University Press, 1950.

CNN Cold War. 2 Février 2008 <>.

Hugues, Gérard, et Royot, Daniel. Thomas Jefferson et l’Ouest : l’expédition de Lewis et Clark. Paris : Armand Colin-CNED, 2005.

Lavender, David. The Way to the Western Sea : Lewis and Clark across the Continent. 2e éd. Lincoln and Lincoln : University of Nebraska Press, 2001.

Leffler, Melvyn P. “The American Conception of National Security and the Beginnings of the Cold War, 1945-48”. American Historical Review, vol.89, no 2, avril 1984 : 346-81.

Ménudier, Henri. “La Rupture Est-Ouest et ses Conséquences pour l’Allemagne”. L’Allemagne Occupée 1945-1949. Bruxelles : Éditions Complexes, 1990.

Smith, Jean Edward. Lucius D. Clay: an American Life. New York : Henry Holt, 1990.w

Vidor, King. Le Grand Passage (Northwest Passage). Metro Goldwyn

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